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/> Not to be confused with the original Gibson Electric Bass (which is sometimes called the this model featured a violin-shaped Mahogany body with a single pickup.
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May 2017 Bass guitar Other names Bass, electric bass guitar, electric bass or ; 321.
Since the 1960s, the bass guitar has largely replaced the in.
The four-string bass is usually tuned the same as thewhich corresponds pitches one lower than the four lowest-pitched strings of a guitar E, A, D, and G.
It is played primarily with the fingers or thumb, or with a.
The electric bass guitar has and must be connected to an to be loud enough to compete with other instruments.
A contraction of Double bass or Electric guitar.
The bass guitar is aas it is notated in an octave higher than it sounds, to reduce the need for in music written for the instrument, and simplify reading.
The of a guitar's body shape made the instrument easier to hold and transport than existing stringed bass instruments.
The addition of enabled bassists to play in tune more easily than on fretless acoustic or.
Around 100 were made during this period.
Around 1947, Tutmarc's son Bud began marketing a similar bass under the Serenader brand name, advertised in the nationally distributed wholesale jobber catalogue of 1948.
However, the Tutmarc family inventions did not achieve market success.
The began producing theor P-Bass, in October 1951.
The bass from a simple un-contoured "slab" body design and a similar to that of ato something more like awith a contoured body design, edges beveled for comfort, and a split pickup.
The Fender Bass was a revolutionary instrument for gigging musicians.
In comparison with the large, heavywhich had been the main bass instrument in popular music from the early 20th century to the 1940s, the bass guitar could be easily transported to shows.
When amplified, the bass guitar was also less prone than acoustic basses to unwanted.
In 1953, became the first bassist to tour with the Fender bass guitar, in 's postwar.
The посетить страницу источник guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, and many early pioneers of the instrument, such as, and were originally guitarists.
Also in 1953, released the first short-scale -shaped electric bass, with an extendable end pin so a bassist could play it upright or horizontally.
Gibson renamed the bass the in 1958.
Whereas Fender basses had pickups mounted in positions in between the base of the neck and the top of the bridge, many of Gibson's early basses featured one pickup mounted directly against the neck pocket.
In 1957, introduced the model 4000,the first bass to feature a -body design in which the neck is part of the body wood.
Introduced in 1960, theinitially known as the "Deluxe Bass", was intended to accompany the guitar.
Providing a more "Gibson-scale" instrument, rather than the 34 inches 864 mm Jazz and Precision, Fender produced thea 30-inch 762 mm scale-length instrument.
It was AVR-1906 AV-ресивер Denon in 1961, and was briefly favored by of.
The EB-3 had a "mini-humbucker" at the bridge position.
Gibson basses tended to be smaller, привожу ссылку instruments with a shorter than the Precision; Gibson did not produce a 34-inch 864 mm -scale bass until 1963 with the release of thewhich was also the first Gibson bass to use two humbucking pickups in a more traditional position, about halfway between the neck and bridge.
Alembic also pioneered the use of onboard electronics for pre-amplification and equalization.
In the mid-1970s, Alembic and other high-end manufacturers, such asbegan offering five-string basses, with a very low "B" string.
The tuning machines are at the heel of the instrument, where the bridge is перейти на страницу located.
In the 1980s, bass designers continued to explore new approaches.
In 1982, Hans-Peter Wilfer foundedto make a European bass, as the market at the time was dominated by Asian and American basses.
Their first bass was thewhich is similar to the Spector NS.
In 1987, the Guild Guitar Corporation launched the fretlesswhich used silicone rubber strings and a piezoelectric pickup to achieve an "upright bass" sound with a short 18-inch 457 mm scale length.
In the late 1980s, show, which featured bands performing with acoustic instruments, helped to popularize hollow-bodied amplified with pickups built the bridge of the instrument.
As well, onboard battery-powered electronics such as узнать больше and equalizer circuits, which were previously only available on expensive "boutique" instruments, became increasingly available on mid-priced basses.
From 2000 to the 2010s, some bass manufacturers included modelling circuits inside the instrument on more costly instruments to recreate tones and sounds from many models of basses e.
A modelling bass can digitally emulate the tone and sound of many famous basses, ranging from a vintage Fender Precision to a Rickenbacker.
However, as with the electric guitar, traditional "passive" bass designs, which include only pickups, tone and volume knobs without a preamp or other electronics remained popular.
Reissued versions of vintage instruments such as the and remained popular among new instrument buyers up to если Видеокарта Palit GeForce GTX 980 1203Mhz PCI-E 3.0 4096Mb 7200Mhz 256 bit DVI Mini-HDMI HDCP придёте 2010s.
In 2011, a 60th Anniversary P-bass was introduced byalong with the re-introduction of the short-scale.
While a wide variety of are suitable for the body, neck, and fretboard, the most common woods used are those used детальнее на этой странице solid-body electric guitars:or for the body, for the neck, and or for the fretboard.
For tonal or aesthetic reasons, luthiers more commonly experiment different woods on basses than with electric guitars, and less-common woods like and figuredas well as exotic woods like,andare often used as accent woods in the neck or on the face of mid- to high-priced production basses.
More expensive basses often feature exotic woods.
For example, Alembic uses cocobolo as a body or top layer material because of its attractive grain.
Warwick bass guitars are well known for exotic hardwoods, making most necks out ofand fingerboards from or ebony.
Some makers use solid bodies for their tonal and aesthetic qualities.
Other design options include finishes, such as lacquer, wax and oil; flat and carved designs; -produced custom-designed instruments; headless basses, which have tuning machines in the bridge of the instrument e.
The use of artificial materials allows for production techniques such as die-casting, to produce complex body shapes.
While most basses have solid bodies, they can also include hollow chambers to increase the resonance or reduce the weight of the instrument.
Some basses are built with entirely hollow bodies, which change the tone and resonance of the instrument.
Instead of milling the body from a single piece of wood or "bookmatched" halves and then attaching the neck into a pocket so-called "bolt-on" designneck-through basses are constructed first by assembling the neck, which may comprise one, three, five or more layers of wood in vertical stripes, which are longer than the length of the fretboard.
To this elongated neck, the body is attached as two wings, which may also be made up of several layers.
The entire bass is then milled and shaped.
Neck-through construction advertisements claim this approach provides better sustain and a mellower tone than bolt-on neck construction.
While neck-through construction is most common in handmade "boutique" basses, some models of mass-produced basses such as Ibanez's BTB series also have neck-through construction.
Bolt-on neck construction does not necessarily imply a cheaply made instrument; virtually all traditional Fender designs still use bolt-on necks, including its high-end instruments costing thousands of dollars, and many boutique luthiers such as build bolt-on basses as well as neck-through instruments.
The number of frets installed on a bass guitar neck may vary.
The original Fender basses had 20 frets, and most bass guitars have between 20 and 24 frets or fret positions.
Instruments with between 24 and 36 frets 2 and 3 octaves also exist.
The "long scale necks" on the first Fender basses—34 inches 864 mm — set the standard for electric basses, although 30-inch 762 mm "short scale" instruments, such as the and the are common.
This extra-long scale provides a higher string tension, which may yield a more defined, deep tone on the low "B" string of five- and six-stringed instruments or detuned four-string basses.
While electric bass guitars are traditionally fretted instruments, fretless basses are used by some players to посетить страницу источник different tones.
In 1961, he converted a used UK-built Dallas Tuxedo bass by removing the frets and filling in the slots with wood putty.
Wyman used it to record songs such as "" and "" in 1966.
больше на странице 1966, introduced the AUB-1, the first production fretless bass.
Fender followed with a fretless Precision Bass in 1970.
Some fretless basses have "fret line" markers inlaid in the fingerboard as a guide, while others only use guide marks on the side of the neck.
In the early 1970s, fusion-jazz bassist coated the fingerboard of his de-fretted Fender Jazz Bass inallowing him to use roundwound strings for a brighter sound without damaging the fretboard.
However, now there are many options, with five- six- and more string designs, with many approaches to tuning.
In addition to traditional strings, choices now various windings and materials.
The pair is considered a single pickup, as they are wired together in a configuration, greatly reducing noise from nearby electronic equipment and mains power.
Less common is the "single-coil P" pickup, as used on the original 1951 Precision bass.
This is also known as the 'Vintage P' due to it being found on old vintage basses made before the invention of the split coil pickup.
The "single-coil P" pickup is also used in the reissue and the Sting signature model.
P-style pickups are generally placed in the "neck" or "middle" position, but they are occasionally placed in the bridge position, or between two Jazz-style pickups.
J pickups are typically designs, though there are a large number of humbucking designs.
Traditionally, two of them are used, one near the bridge and another closer to the neck.
As with the halves of P-pickups, the J-type pickups are wired in a humbucking manner so that, when used together, mains noise is greatly eliminated.
J-type pickups tend to have a lower output and a thinner sound than P-type pickups.
Many bassists combine a 'J' pickup at the bridge and a 'P' pickup at the neck and blend the two sounds.
Humbuckers also produce a higher output level than single-coil pickups, though many dual-coil pickups are marketed as retrofits for single-coil designs like the J pickup and advertise a similar output and tonal character to the stock single-coils.
Dual coil pickups come in two main varieties; ceramic or ceramic and steel.
Ceramic-only magnets have a relatively "harsher" sound than their ceramic and steel counterparts, and are thus used more commonly in heavier rock styles, etc.
This style is known as the "MM" pickup.
The most common configurations are a single pickup at the bridge, two pickups similar in placement to a Jazz Bass, or an MM pickup at the bridge with a single-coil pickup often a "J" at the neck.
These pickups can often be "tapped", meaning one of the two coils can be essentially turned off, giving a sound similar to a single-coil pickup.
These materials produce different tones and, in the case of the polyurethane or silicone rubber strings, allow much shorter scale lengths.
They are typically mounted under the bridge saddle or near the bridge and produce a different tone from magnetic pickups, often similar to that of an acoustic bass.
Piezo pickups are often used in acoustic bass guitars to allow for amplification without a microphone.
Since optical pickups do not pick up high frequencies or percussive sounds well, they are commonly paired with piezoelectric pickups to fill in the missing frequencies.
Additionally, various electronic effects, such as"stomp box"-style pedals and signal processors are available to allow for further shaping of the источник статьи />Retrieved September 24, 2019.
Retrieved February 17, 2019.
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Tom Mulhern, 1993, p.
AIX-8904 Наконечник подставки для удилища mikado aix-8904 March 29, 2015.
Retrieved September 5, 2017.
The Bass Book: A Complete Illustrated History of Bass Guitars.
The Fender Bass: An Illustrated History.
The Rickenbacker Electric Bass: 50 Years As Rock's Bottom.
Guitars: From the Renaissance to Rock.
How The Fender Bass Changed the World.
The New Dictionary of Music and Musicians Second ed.
The Bass Player Book: Equipment, Technique, Styles and Artists.
The Guitar Book: A Handbook for Electric and Acoustic Guitarists.
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